Energy efficient system design requires systematic optimization at all levels of the design abstraction ranging from devices and circuits to architectures and algorithms. The design of micro-power systems will enable operation using energy scavenging. A major opportunity to reduce the power dissipation of digital circuits is to scale the power supply voltage below the device thresholds (i.e., sub-threshold operation). The opportunities and challenges associated with sub-threshold design will be presented. This includes variation-aware design for logic and SRAM circuits, efficient DC-DC converters for ultra-low-voltage delivery, and algorithm structuring to support extreme parallelism. A number of integrated circuit examples that demonstrate sub-threshold operation will be presented. Other power management techniques such as ultra-dynamic-voltage scaling, fine-grained power gating and 3-D integration will be discussed. The use of highly digital architectures for wireless communication circuits can also significantly reduce system energy dissipation. Specific examples of power management will be presented, focusing on wireless sensor networks and impulse based ultra-wideband communications as drivers.
Anantha P. Chandrakasan received the B.S, M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1989, 1990, and 1994 respectively. Since September 1994, he has been with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, where he is currently the Joseph F. and Nancy P. Keithley Professor of Electrical Engineering.
He was a co-recipient of several awards including the 1993 IEEE Communications Society's Best Tutorial Paper Award, the IEEE Electron Devices Society's 1997 Paul Rappaport Award for the Best Paper in an EDS publication during 1997, the 1999 DAC Design Contest Award, the 2004 DAC/ISSCC Student Design Contest Award, and the ISSCC 2007 Beatrice Winner Award for Editorial Excellence.
His research interests include low-power digital integrated circuit design, wireless microsensors, ultra-wideband radios, and emerging technologies. He is a co-author of Low Power Digital CMOS Design (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995), Digital Integrated Circuits (Pearson Prentice-Hall, 2003, 2nd edition), and Sub-threshold Design for Ultra-Low Power Systems (Springer 2006). He is also a co-editor of Low Power CMOS Design (IEEE Press, 1998), Design of High-Performance Microprocessor Circuits (IEEE Press, 2000), and Leakage in Nanometer CMOS Technologies (Springer, 2005).
He has served as a technical program co-chair for the 1997 International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design (ISLPED), VLSI Design '98, and the 1998 IEEE Workshop on Signal Processing Systems. He was the Signal Processing Sub-committee Chair for ISSCC 1999-2001, the Program Vice-Chair for ISSCC 2002, the Program Chair for ISSCC 2003, and the Technology Directions Sub-committee Chair for ISSCC 2004-2007. He was an Associate Editor for the IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits from 1998 to 2001. He served on SSCS AdCom from 2000 to 2007 and he was the meetings committee chair from 2004 to 2007. He is the Technology Directions Chair for ISSCC 2008. He is the Director of the MIT Microsystems Technology Laboratories.